Every skincare journey starts with the same question. “What is my skin type?” From dermatologist visits to YouTube tutorials to conversations with friends, as a teen or young adult, it probably comes down to what products to use and what It was the most important factor in determining how often I wore makeup and, perhaps, played sports. As the years have gone by, perhaps the original analysis has changed. However, just as in adolescence, it is very important to understand how to determine your skin type as an adult. As we age, our skin has different needs and requires new key ingredients to keep us healthy.
“The skin is constantly changing and reacting to its surroundings,” says Dr. Nava Greenfield. Board Certified Dermatologist at Schweiger Dermatology Group in New York City. That alone can cause changes in skin type, but lifestyle and hormonal influences can also change skin color. Whether you have oily, dry or combination skin as a foundation for your routine, knowing how your skin has changed is essential to finding the right products. So if you’re still using the same line-up you had as a teenager, it’s time to upgrade.
Prior to this, TZR commissioned two dermatologists to provide insight into why skin types change, how to determine which category you fall into, and how to modify your formula to meet your new needs. I asked.
Effects of aging on skin type
The surface of the skin, also known as the skin barrier, is considered acidic and ranges from 4.1 to 5.8 on the pH scale. From birth, the pH level of the skin is fairly close to neutral, but studies show that it becomes acidic as early as four weeks of age and remains so until about age 50. Acidic skin may sound problematic, but alkaline skin tends to dry out, so it’s actually very important for maintaining homeostasis. The skin barrier protects against external threats and prevents water loss and dehydration in the body, according to Dr. Anand N. Geria, a board-certified dermatologist in Rutherford, New Jersey.
Losing hydration is one of the many signs of aging, but it can also affect your skin type. “As we age, cell turnover slows and skin becomes drier,” says Jenny Louie, M.D., board-certified dermatologist and assistant professor at the University of Minnesota. She told TZR that puberty is often accompanied by an increase in sebum production, but as we age our skin type can easily shift from oily to dry.
Influence of environment on skin type
The world around you also plays a big role in the growth of your skin. “Every day, our bodies are exposed to many factors that negatively impact our health, such as changing weather conditions, UV rays, and pollution,” says Dr. Greenfield. These elements are inevitable, but they can change your skin, she points out. “Sensitivity is one of the big changes that can happen with your surroundings,” she says. The term itself can be somewhat vague, but Dr. Greenfield says it’s not at all uncommon for irritation, whether minor or significant, to increase, especially when moving from one climate to another. explains.
determine a new skin type
An appointment with a dermatologist is a surefire way to find out about your current skin condition. However, there are some ways to find out your skin type at home. “Use a magnifying glass to look closely at the sebaceous glands on your face and assess their size and surface distribution,” says Dr. Greenfield. Glands contain thin filaments designed to move oil from under the skin to the surface. These usually appear as small dots around the nose and T-zone area, but more prominent sebaceous fibers can be a sign of oily skin.
You can also run a simple test to find out your skin type. “Wash your face with a mild cleanser such as Cetaphil, pat dry, then sit still for 20 to 30 minutes,” says Dr. Lui. After a period of time, briefly assess how the skin looks and feels to the touch. “If your skin feels tight, you most likely have a dry skin type, shiny skin is oily, and dry in one part of your face and oily in others means: I can conclude that I have combination skin,” she says.
Adjust your skin care routine
Given that your needs can fluctuate as the seasons change, you probably already have some staples designed for different skin types. “Dry skin tends to need external hydration to stay hydrated, while sensitive skin responds to ingredients that don’t usually cause irritation,” says Dr. Greenfield. She explains that if your skin has transitioned into one of these her two types, you’ll need to change your products to address your new skin realities. She loves adding light moisturizers like REN’s EverCalm Her Overnight Her Recovery Her Balm to her daily routine to replenish missing oils and ceramides to strengthen the skin’s barrier. I am proposing.
Conversely, if your skin transitions from dry to oily, Dr. Greenfield recommends incorporating products with sebum-regulating ingredients to help balance oil production. “Salicylic acid-based cleansers, such as Carbontheory Salicylic Acid Exfoliating Gel Her Cleanser, are great for absorbing excess oil without completely stripping the skin,” she says.
Plus, Dr. Lui says changing your moisturizer to the one that best suits your skin’s needs can help. “Rich body creams are best for dry skin, while water gel cream products can soothe sensitivities and prevent excessive stickiness on oily skin.”