When Utah legislators passed a bill requiring the review and removal of “pornographic or obscene” books in school libraries, they probably did not imagine that the law would be used to justify banning the Bible. would have been
Utah’s HB 374, effective May 2022, “prohibits certain conduct” Sensitive materials in public schoolsIt joins a series of conservative book bans that critics say are unfairly targeted, while supporters say they protect children. LGBTQ+ content and minority author.
However, in early June 2023, Utah school districts sparked further controversy over the bill after receiving complaints from parents using the bill’s provisions. removed the bible Enrollment from elementary and junior high schools is prohibited because it includes “vulgarity and violence” that are considered inappropriate for the age group.
Utah isn’t the only state that has received complaints about age-appropriate content in the Bible following a book ban. In June 2023, Barry Silver, Rabbi of Florida, Compiled Bible Verse List He claims it contains violence and sex. Although he claims to be against censorship, he maintains that the Bible meets Florida’s controversial standards. Parental Rights in Education Law And the conclusion is this. “You want the book censored? Start with what you like best“
In May 2023, the Religious Freedom Foundation, a nonprofit that promotes the separation of church and state, called: Oklahoma to Ban Bibles in Schools Because it contains pornographic content. The move comes after a request by state superintendent Ryan Walters. Banning LGBTQ+ BooksHowever, he argues that the Bible should be taught in government-funded public schools. Like Silver, Foundation leaders say. they don’t support book bans But if conservative Christians, who are some of the most powerful supporters of the recent ban, want to ban books containing sexual references, argue that the Bible cannot be ignored.
Attempts like this to ban the Bible under the Book Prohibition Act are an example of a protest strategy called “.unlawful submission“
A different approach to protest
Irreverent submission is the opposite of the more commonly known protest strategy. civil disobedience, which involves breaking the law in a surprisingly polite way. Uncivilized obedience, on the other hand, involves following the law in a way that disregards people’s expectations.
Like civil disobedience, the purpose of non-civil disobedience is to change the law, but the purpose is to “master the rules of the systemProtesters may appear to respect authority by carefully following the law to show that what they are doing is legal. However, the conduct may be viewed by some as “disrespectful” because it challenges societal expectations, uses the law in ways not intended by the originator, or both. There is a nature.
Irreverent submission has been used to challenge the practicality and fairness of laws and processes. For example, in the 1990s, protesters challenged low-level protests. Speed Limit Chasing them harshly on busy California highways causing traffic chaos.This strategy is also used for challenges
immigration policy and electoral law.
as a scholar Political and Religious RhetoricI see uncivilized submissions being accepted by people across the political spectrum as a way of challenging the law, and in particular religion being used as one element of those challenges. I came.
Conservative Christians take their seats
A federal law passed in 1993 Religious Freedom Restoration Act They were often at the center of religious strategists who believed in uncivilized obedience. The law, which prohibits the government from imposing a material burden on the free religious practice of its citizens, was originally passed by Congress. 1990 Supreme Court Critics argued that the incident restricted the religious freedom of indigenous peoples.that’s all 20 states have passed similar laws.
Although the law was originally designed to protect the rights of practitioners of all religions, especially not so conspicuous As Christianity in the United States, conservative Christians used the provisions resist progressive policies, including same-sex marriage and the Law for Adjustment of Medical Expenses. Proponents often argue that the law protects conservative Christian employers and employees who believe that recognizing same-sex marriage or providing contraceptives violates their religious beliefs. is.
Opponent’s point of view Conservatives accept the idea of religious freedom as a bizarre interpretation of the law, claiming it is used to justify discrimination based on religious beliefs.But defenders of the practice argue they want freedom of religion from government intervention.
A progressive group turns the tables
Progressive groups are now increasingly using religious liberty claims, including the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, to justify immunity from conservative policies.
Most recently, progressive Christian clergy, Jews, Muslims, Satanists, and other religious plaintiffs have file a lawsuit States that challenge strict abortion bans. These lawsuits allege that their religion permits reproductive health care and abortion, and that the ban violates religious freedom.
devil’s templeis one of the religious groups whose mission is to oppose injustice, using other religious freedom lawsuits to demand the same rights as Christians. For example, this group uses the following conventions: Good News Club vs. Milford Central Schoolsdecided that schools could not ban religious clubs from holding meetings on school premises after hours, and argued that schools must also allow them. Satanist Club.Satanists claim they are righteous demand the same rights as Christians Won in court.
Progressive supporters say they defend religious liberty and equality. Opponents, however, argued that plaintiffs were merely engaging in “” conduct.political stunt‘ is not an endorsement. sincere religious beliefs.
When disrespectful submission is used, its critics can frame such behavior as unprecedented, dangerous, and dishonest. But advocates can argue that they are simply trying to uphold the law and ask others to do the same. In the discussion of religious liberty, these controversies center on the important question of where to set legal limits on religious liberty.
Failure can turn into victory
If uncivilized obedience advocates are not successful, they can use their experience to identify double standards in laws and policies that can provoke public outrage over religious liberty prejudices. have a nature.
Conservatives lose religious freedom lawsuits can claim Such losses reflect a prejudice against conservative Christian religious beliefs.
If minority religions or progressive Christians lose their religious freedom lawsuits, they can point to success A similar lawsuit addressed conservative Christians to underscore the court’s protection of conservative religious principles.
Need to contact us?
Any news tips?
Covert submission is a relatively safe protest strategy, at least legally speaking. Because the person using it is not in danger of being arrested, unlike civil disobedience. Still, it can draw public attention to social issues and provoke public debate in unprecedented ways.
However, there are risks. Uncivilized submission tactics can provoke a great deal of criticism from members of the public who may view such tactics as manipulative or dishonest. Furthermore, disrespectful submission can draw attention to society’s double standards, which can continue to be obstacles for those who desire social change. This may result in legal challenges, which may be lengthy and costly to pursue, and there is no guarantee of success.
in UtahThe Bible was initially banned, but public pressure quickly caused the school board to reverse the decision.
Both Rabbi Silver and the Religious Freedom Foundation say they will continue to fight until attempts to censor books in schools are stopped or all books are judged by the same standard.
Get your morning headlines right in your inbox